Curly-Coated Retriever UKC Breed Standard
From The United Kennel Club
UKC ~ As an international dog registry we celebrate the
Total Dog through family-friendly events and programs highlighting canine bonds, instincts, and heritage
while maintaining the virtue of our pedigrees.
Through these efforts, we give Honor to Whom Honor is Due
Gun Dog Group
The goals and purposes of this breed standard include:
to furnish guidelines for breeders who wish to maintain the quality of their breed and to improve it; to advance this breed
to a state of similarity throughout the world; and to act as a guide for judges.
Breeders and judges have the responsibility to avoid any conditions or exaggerations that
are detrimental to the health, welfare, essence and soundness of this breed, and must take the responsibility to see that
these are not perpetuated.
Any departure from
the following should be considered a fault, and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact
proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its
A graceful black or liver curly-coated dog, about 25 to
27 inches at the withers, the Curly-Coated Retriever gives the impression of being the highest on leg and the most elegant
of all the Retrievers. In proportion, he is slightly longer from the prosternum to buttocks than he is tall, from withers
to ground. His carriage is upstanding, and he gives the impression of an alert, self-confident dog capable of great endurance.
Characteristics Active, intelligent and responsive to training,
the Curly-Coated Retriever is both an excellent family companion and a strong, capable working dog.
Different body types
Same CCR at 7 weeks
and as an adult
United Kennel Club Standard
HISTORY Depending on whose version
you follow determines what breeds were used in the development of the Curly-Coated Retriever. Some say the Poodle, Irish Water
Spaniel, the Newfoundland and the Irish Setter. Whatever the source(s), the breed was first exhibited at England's Birmingham
dog show in 1860.
The Curly-Coated Retriever was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1960.
A graceful black or liver curly-coated
dog, about 25 to 27 inches at the withers, the Curly-Coated Retriever gives the impression of being the highest on leg and
the most elegant of all the Retrievers. In proportion, he is slightly longer from the prosternum to buttocks than he is tall,
from withers to ground. His carriage is upstanding, and he gives the impression of an alert, self-confident dog capable of
Active, intelligent and responsive to training, the Curly-Coated Retriever is both an excellent family companion
and a strong, capable working dog.
HEAD AND SKULL
The head is long and wedge-shaped, in balance with the size of the body.
SKULL - Nearly flat, tapering slightly to eyes. Clean in cheek.
- Moderate and sloping, never abrupt.
MUZZLE - Long, strong and tapering to complete
the wedge shape of the head. Never snipey or weak.
LIPS - Clean and tight.
TEETH - A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors or level bite.
EYES - Almond in shape, rather large, but not too prominent. Color black or brown in black dogs,
brown or amber in liver dogs, but never harsh or yellow.
NOSE - Black in the black dogs; brown in the liver dogs; with large, open nostrils.
EARS – Rather small, lying close to the head and set on a line slightly above the corner
of the eye. Well-covered with curls.
Should be moderately long, slightly arched, and free of throatiness.
Shoulder blades and upper arms long and well-muscled,
moderately angulated to set the legs under the withers.
FORELEGS – Straight and
strong with good, but not overdone, bone and strong pasterns. Dewclaws may be removed.
CHEST – Deep to elbow, oval in shape, not too
wide, but well-filled.
RIBCAGE – Long and well-sprung.
BACK – Strong and level.
LOIN – Short, muscular and deep,
with moderate tuck-up of flank.
CROUP – Slopes slightly to the set-on of the
and muscular, moderately angulated to balance with forequarters. Rear pasterns short and strong. Dewclaws may be removed.
Round, compact; with well-arched
short, reaching nearly to the hock joint, carried fairly straight and covered with curls. Never carried over the back.
A distinguishing characteristic
of the breed, the coat on the body should be a mass of small, crisp, tight curls with sufficient density to protect the dog
from all weather and cover conditions. Curls also completely cover the ears, neck, thighs, rear legs at least to the hock
and the tail. On the face, front of forelegs and feet, the coat is smooth and short.
Faults: Uncurled patches behind the withers, or bald patches anywhere on the body.
Spare, soft, open or brittle hair.
TRIMMING – Coat may be trimmed to present
a neat, natural, workmanlike appearance.
Black or liver. A prominent white patch on breast is undesirable, but a few white hairs allowable
in an otherwise good dog.
Males about 27 inches, females about 25 inches, but overall quality is more important than size.
Powerful, yet agile and effortless.
Good extension without exaggeration. As speed increases, legs converge towards a centerline of travel.
dog with a Disqualification must not be considered for placement in a conformation event, and must be reported to UKC.)
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.
Same CCR as a puppy
and an adult
The same CCR at
8 weeks and at 2 years
Same CCR at 7 weeks and as an
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD : 28.07.2009.
UTILIZATION : Retriever.
FCI-CLASSIFICATION : Group
8 Retrievers, Flushing
Section 1 Retrievers.
With working trial.
GENERAL APPEARANCE : Strong, upstanding dog with a degree of elegance. Distinctive coat.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : Slightly longer in body, measured from point of shoulder to point of buttock,
than in height from withers.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Intelligent, steady,
reliable. Bold, friendly, self confident and independent. May seem aloof. HEAD : Wedge-shaped in both side and front profiles.
In proportion to body size.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Foreface and skull
equal length. Planes of skull and muzzle parallel.
Stop : Slight.
Nose : Black in blacks and brown in livers. Jaws/Teeth : Jaws strong, with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite,
i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws
Eyes : Large, not
prominent, oval-shaped and obliquely set. Dark brown in blacks; in livers brown tone to blend with coat colour.
: Rather small, set slightly above level of eye; lying close to head, covered with small curls.
NECK : Strong and slightly arched, of medium length, free from throatiness and flowing freely into well laid back shoulders.
Topline : Strong and level.
Loins : Short, deep and powerful.
Deep with well sprung ribs, oval in cross section with brisket reaching elbow. Forechest visible. Ribs extend well back.
Underline and belly : Slight tuck up.
TAIL : Flows from topline. Should reach approximately to hock, carried straight
on a level with topline when moving.
General appearance : Forelegs straight, set well under body.
: Well laid back and muscular.
Upper arm : Upper arm and shoulder blade approximately equal in length.
(Pastern) : Strong.
Forefeet : Round, tight with well-arched toes.
General appearance : Strong, muscular.
Stifle : Moderate turn of stifle.
Hock : Well let down
and well bent.
Hind feet : Round, tight with well-arched toes.
GAIT / MOVEMENT
: Effortless, powerful gait with good extension and drive. Parallel movement. At speed, legs tend to converge.
Hair : Body coat a thick mass of small tight, crisp curls lying close
to skin, extending from occiput to tip of tail; without undercoat or bare patches. Elsewhere smooth hair.
COLOUR : Black
SIZE AND WEIGHT :
at withers: Dogs: 67,5 cm (27 ins),
Bitches : 62,5 cm (25 ins).
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded
should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform
its traditional work.
• Aggressive or overly
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.
Showing how the body changes as the same
CCR puppy matures